Gateway to Scandinavia and Russia, Estonia announces unique landscapes where Nature and History compete for the spotlight. The northernmost of the Baltic states has something for everyone: forests, lakes, beaches and islands (Saaremmaa and Hiiumaa), unparalleled flora and fauna, historical remains. rut of Slavic and Nordic influences, a mild climate and the incomparable heat of its inhabitants will have enough to put Estonia in pole-position of your favorite destinations! What if you started visiting Tallinn, its famous German-inspired capital?
Currency: The Estonian crown
Feast: Independence Day, February 24 (1918)
Official language: Estonian, Finnish language Uygur
Main Cities: Tartu, Narva, Kohtla-Järve, Pärnu
Religion: The Lutheran Church is predominant, but minorities of Catholics and Orthodox.
Population - Number of inhabitants: 1,351,000 inhabitants
Climate: Estonia has a moderate ocean climate. The winters are cold: average temperatures around -10 C, very short days and snow. As for summers, they are rainy but relatively soft.
Geography: Estonia is the northernmost of the Baltic states. It has only two bordering countries: Latvia and Russia, but it is just opposite Finland, just a few kilometers across the Baltic Sea.
AREA 45,200 km²
LENGTH OF SHORELINE 3,794 km
The national flag
The national flag of Estonia is composed of three equal horizontal bands, from top to bottom: blue, black and white. In Estonian, this tricolor is referred to as "sinimustvalge", which means word-for-word ( sini + must + valge ): blue + black + white. Since 2005, the Estonian Flag Act states that, if the Estonian flag is to be hoisted with other flags, they must be placed after the Estonian flag in the alphabetical order of the names of these states in French :
A Finno-Ugric language
The Estonian is not a Baltic language and is not part of the Indo-European languages , since it belongs to the family damper ian - with Finnish, Hungarian, Saami (Lapp), the Permyak, etc. Thus, only Latvia and Lithuania can, linguistically speaking, claim to be truly part of the "Baltic States". It is therefore improperly to classify Estonia among the Baltic States. However, due to the similar geographical, historical, political and demographic characteristics, it is common to say that Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are part of the "Baltic States". It must be remembered that Estonian, the national and official language, is neither a Baltic nor an Indo-European language and, for this reason, constitutes an additional difficulty for its learning by Russian-speaking minorities and other minorities. linguistic communities.
As for the Estonians, because of the relatively special character of their language in Europe, they have developed a strong linguistic nationalism: they are proud to speak a non-Indo-European language, or even one of the oldest languages in Europe, and a language spoken anywhere in the world only in Estonia. In this sense, Estonians are distinct from other Europeans, which associates them with the French and Spanish Basques, who share the same characteristics. In fact, European peoples who share the same type of Finno-Ugric languagesFinnish Finnish (Finnish speaking) and Sami (Sami speaking Sami), far more than Hungarian Hungarians. Moreover, Estonians do not feel "at home" when they visit Finland, and vice versa. In reality, Finnish and Estonian are linguistically closely related, but largely incomprehensible. When a Finish Finnish - there are Swedish - speaking Finns - hears Estonian, the sounds and rhythms of this language seem quite familiar, but because of the history of both languages the vocabulary is so different that intercomprehension is almost zero.
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