There are many types of skin cancer:
- Melanoma skin cancer that forms in skin cells that make pigment;
- Basal cell skin cancer that forms in small, round cells in the base of the outer layer of skin;
- Squamous cell skin cancer (one of two most common) that forms in flat cells that form the surface of the skin;
- Neuroendocrine skin cancer that forms in cells that release hormones in response to signals from the nervous system.
The most two common skin cancers (Basal cell and Squamous cell) occurs
on areas of the skin that have been in the sun, usually on the head,
neck, hands and arms.
Studies have shown that people with certain Risk Factors are more likely than others to develop skin cancer. These risk factors include: Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation exposure, Skin Scars or Burns, Skin Infection, Skin Inflammation or skin ulcers, Skin Diseases, Radiation Therapy, Family history of skin cancer, Medical conditions affecting the Immune System.
The best way to prevent skin cancer is to protect yourself from the sun. Also, protect children from an early age. It is best to use sun protective swimwear whenever you can. You also should protect yourself from UV radiation which can be reflected by sand, water, snow, and ice. UV radiation can go through light clothing, windshields, windows, and clouds. Wear long sleeves and long pants, a hat with a wide brim, and sunglasses that absorb UV. Use sunscreen lotions (at least SPF15) where possible.